90. Case Report: Atrioesophageal Fistula (AEF) Formation after Pulmonary Vein Isolation – Thomas Jefferson University Hospital

CardioNerds (Amit Goyal) joins Thomas Jefferson cardiology fellows (Jay Kloo, Preya Simlote and Sean Dikdan – host of the Med Lit Review podcast) for some amazing craft beer from Independence Beer Garden in Philadelphia! They discuss a fascinating case of atrioesophageal fistula (AEF) formation after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). Dr. Daniel Frisch provides the E-CPR and program director Dr. Gregary Marhefka provides a message for applicants. Johns Hopkins internal medicine resident Colin Blumenthal with mentorship from University of Maryland cardiology fellow Karan Desai.  

Jump to: Patient summaryCase mediaCase teachingReferences

CardioNerds (Amit Goyal) joins Thomas Jefferson cardiology fellows (Jay Kloo, Preya Simlote and Sean Dikdan - host of the Med Lit Review podcast) for some amazing craft beer from Independence Beer Garden in Philadelphia! They discuss a fascinating case of atrioesophageal fistula (AEF) formation after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). Dr. Daniel Frisch provides the E-CPR and program director Dr. Gregary Marhefka provides a message for applicants. Johns Hopkins internal medicine resident Colin Blumenthal with mentorship from University of Maryland cardiology fellow Karan Desai.
Episode graphic by Dr. Carine Hamo

The CardioNerds Cardiology Case Reports series shines light on the hidden curriculum of medical storytelling. We learn together while discussing fascinating cases in this fun, engaging, and educational format. Each episode ends with an “Expert CardioNerd Perspectives & Review” (E-CPR) for a nuanced teaching from a content expert. We truly believe that hearing about a patient is the singular theme that unifies everyone at every level, from the student to the professor emeritus.

We are teaming up with the ACC FIT Section to use the #CNCR episodes to showcase CV education across the country in the era of virtual recruitment. As part of the recruitment series, each episode features fellows from a given program discussing and teaching about an interesting case as well as sharing what makes their hearts flutter about their fellowship training. The case discussion is followed by both an E-CPR segment and a message from the program director.

CardioNerds Case Reports Page
CardioNerds Episode Page
CardioNerds Academy
Subscribe to our newsletter- The Heartbeat
Support our educational mission by becoming a Patron!
Cardiology Programs Twitter Group created by Dr. Nosheen Reza

Cardionerds Cardiology Podcast Presents CardioNerds Case Report Series

Patient Summary

A mid 60s male with relevant PMHx of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation presents to the ED with altered mental status after one week of mild chest pain. Given the long history of atrial fibrillation refractory to rate and rhythm control with diltiazem and flecainide, he underwent a pulmonary vein isolation 21 days prior to arrival. In the ED, T 39.4 and patient had a witnessed seizure requiring intubation for airway protection. Signs of hypoperfusion on labs, but white blood cell count not elevated. LP negative, but blood cultures positive for strep agalactiae. CT head with multiple tiny foci of intravascular air throughout the brain with MRI consistent with multiple areas of acute infarction. CTA of chest then obtained, which was notable for a small focus of air tracking along the esophagus. Taken together, findings most c/w atrial esophageal fistula causing sepsis and air emboli. Patient underwent surgical repair of left atrium and esophagus with a good outcome. 


Case Media

A. ECG: Normal sinus rhythm HR 105 bpm
B. CXR
C. CT head: Multiple tiny foci of air throughout bilateral cerebral hemispheres. Appearance is most suggestive of intravascular air, although it is unclear if it is venous, arterial or both.
D. MRI: 1. Restricted diffusion in bilateral cortical watershed zones, as well as in the posterior medial left cerebellar hemisphere, most consistent with recent infarctions.
E. CT Chest: A small focus of air tracking along the left mainstem bronchus anterior to the esophagus, may represent a small amount of pneumomediastinum versus air in an outpouching of the esophagus. No air tracking more cranially along the mediastinal soft tissues. No definite soft tissue defect in the esophagus.
F. Surgical repair of LA & Esophagus


Episode Schematics & Teaching

Coming soon!


The CardioNerds 5! – 5 major takeaways from the #CNCR case

Coming soon!


References

Coming soon!


CardioNerds Case Reports: Recruitment Edition Series Production Team

89. Case Report: Cardiac Arrest associated with Mitral Valve Prolapse with Mitral Annular Disjunction – Oregon Health & Science University

CardioNerds (Amit Goyal & Daniel Ambinder) join Oregon Health & Science University cardiology fellows (Miranda Merrill, Timothy Simpson, Kris Kumar, and Stacey Howell) for a riverside chat at the Portland waterfront! They discuss a case of cardiac arrest associated with mitral valve prolapse (MVP) with mitral annular disjunction (MAD). Dr. Punag Divanji provides the E-CPR and program director Dr. Hind Rahmouni provides a message for applicants. Episode notes were developed by Johns Hopkins internal medicine resident, Eunice Dugan, with mentorship from University of Maryland cardiology fellow Karan Desai.  

Jump to: Patient summaryCase mediaCase teachingReferences

CardioNerds (Amit Goyal & Daniel Ambinder) join Oregon Health & Science University cardiology fellows (Miranda Merrill, Timothy Simpson, Kris Kumar, and Stacey Howell) for a riverside chat at the Portland waterfront!  They discuss a case of cardiac arrest associated with mitral valve prolapse (MVP) with mitral annular disjunction (MAD). Dr. Punag Divanji provides the E-CPR and program director Dr. Hind Rahmouni provides a message for applicants. Episode notes were developed by Johns Hopkins internal medicine resident, Eunice Dugan, with mentorship from University of Maryland cardiology fellow Karan Desai.
Episode graphic by Dr. Carine Hamo

The CardioNerds Cardiology Case Reports series shines light on the hidden curriculum of medical storytelling. We learn together while discussing fascinating cases in this fun, engaging, and educational format. Each episode ends with an “Expert CardioNerd Perspectives & Review” (E-CPR) for a nuanced teaching from a content expert. We truly believe that hearing about a patient is the singular theme that unifies everyone at every level, from the student to the professor emeritus.

We are teaming up with the ACC FIT Section to use the #CNCR episodes to showcase CV education across the country in the era of virtual recruitment. As part of the recruitment series, each episode features fellows from a given program discussing and teaching about an interesting case as well as sharing what makes their hearts flutter about their fellowship training. The case discussion is followed by both an E-CPR segment and a message from the program director.

CardioNerds Case Reports Page
CardioNerds Episode Page
CardioNerds Academy
Subscribe to our newsletter- The Heartbeat
Support our educational mission by becoming a Patron!
Cardiology Programs Twitter Group created by Dr. Nosheen Reza

Cardionerds Cardiology Podcast Presents CardioNerds Case Report Series

Patient Summary

Coming soon!


Case Media

A. CXR
B. Rhythm Strips – ventricular fibrillation
C. ECG: 1st degree AVB (PR ~ 215), borderline RAD, Qtc ~460 msec, slight ant. convexity with inferior terminal T wave
D: TTE
E: TTE with Pickelhaube Spike seen in mitral valve prolapse
F-G: Cardiac MRI

TTE 1
TTE 2
TTE 3
Cardiac MRI

Episode Schematics & Teaching

Coming soon!


The CardioNerds 5! – 5 major takeaways from the #CNCR case

Coming soon!


References

Coming soon!


CardioNerds Case Reports: Recruitment Edition Series Production Team

88. Case Report: Severe Mitral Stenosis Treated with Valve-in-MAC TMVR with LAMPOON – Emory University

CardioNerd (Amit Goyal) join Emory University School of Medicine cardiology fellows (Sonali Kumar, John Lisko, and John Ricketts) for a lovely stroll on the BeltLine in Atalanta, GA. They discuss an interesting case of severe mitral stenosis treated with Valve-in-MAC transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR) with LAMPOON. Drs. Vasilis Babaliaros and Adam Greenbaum provide the E-CPR and program director Dr. B. Robinson Williams III provides a message for applicants. Episode notes were developed by Johns Hopkins internal medicine resident Bibin Varghese with mentorship from University of Maryland cardiology fellow Karan Desai.   

Jump to: Patient summaryCase mediaCase teachingReferences

CardioNerd (Amit Goyal) join Emory University School of Medicine cardiology fellows (Sonali Kumar, John Lisko, and John Ricketts) for a lovely stroll on the BeltLine. They discuss an interesting case of severe mitral stenosis treated with Valve-in-MAC TMVR with LAMPOON. Drs. Vasilis Babaliaros and Adam Greenbaum provide the E-CPR and program director Dr. B. Robinson Williams III provides a message for applicants. Episode notes were developed by Johns Hopkins internal medicine resident Bibin Varghese with mentorship from University of Maryland cardiology fellow Karan Desai.
Episode graphic by Dr. Carine Hamo

The CardioNerds Cardiology Case Reports series shines light on the hidden curriculum of medical storytelling. We learn together while discussing fascinating cases in this fun, engaging, and educational format. Each episode ends with an “Expert CardioNerd Perspectives & Review” (E-CPR) for a nuanced teaching from a content expert. We truly believe that hearing about a patient is the singular theme that unifies everyone at every level, from the student to the professor emeritus.

We are teaming up with the ACC FIT Section to use the #CNCR episodes to showcase CV education across the country in the era of virtual recruitment. As part of the recruitment series, each episode features fellows from a given program discussing and teaching about an interesting case as well as sharing what makes their hearts flutter about their fellowship training. The case discussion is followed by both an E-CPR segment and a message from the program director.

CardioNerds Case Reports Page
CardioNerds Episode Page
CardioNerds Academy
Subscribe to our newsletter- The Heartbeat
Support our educational mission by becoming a Patron!
Cardiology Programs Twitter Group created by Dr. Nosheen Reza

Cardionerds Cardiology Podcast Presents CardioNerds Case Report Series

Patient Summary

Coming soon!


Case Media

A. CXR
B. ECG
C. TTE: Trasns-mitral PW Doppler
D. Laceration in swine
E-F: CT planning
G. Transeptal catheters
H. Trans-mitral PW Doppler (post procedure)
I. LVOT gradients
J-K. Post procedure CT

TTE 1
TTE 2
TTE 3
TEE 1
TEE 2
Fluoroscopy 1
Fluoroscopy 2
Fluoroscopy 3
TEE 3
Fluoroscopy 4
TEE 4
TEE 5
Fluoroscopy 5
Fluoroscopy 6
Fluoroscopy 7
TEE 6
TEE 7
LAMPOON Procedure

Episode Schematics & Teaching

Coming soon!


The CardioNerds 5! – 5 major takeaways from the #CNCR case

Coming soon!


References

Coming soon!


CardioNerds Case Reports: Recruitment Edition Series Production Team

87. Case Report: Giant Coronary Aneurysm Presenting with Heart Failure – University of Hawaii

Aloha! CardioNerds (Amit Goyal & Karan Desai)  join University of Hawaii cardiology fellows (Isaac Mizrahi, Nath Limpruttidham, Nishant Trivedi, and Shana Greif) for some shaved iced on the Big Island’s north shore! They discuss a fascinating case of a patient presenting with decompensated heart failure found to have a giant coronary aneurysm. Program director Dr. Dipanjan Banerjee provides the E-CPR as well as a message for applicants. Episode notes were developed by Johns Hopkins internal medicine resident Tommy Das with mentorship from University of Maryland cardiology fellow Karan Desai.  

Jump to: Patient summaryCase mediaCase teachingReferences

Aloha! CardioNerds (Amit Goyal & Karan Desai)  join University of Hawaii cardiology fellows (Isaac Mizrahi, Nath Limpruttidham, Nishant Trivedi, and Shana Greif) for some shaved iced on the Big Island's north shore! They discuss a fascinating case of a patient presenting with decompensated heart failure found to have a giant coronary aneurysm. Program director Dr. Dipanjan Banerjee provides the E-CPR as well as a message for applicants. Episode notes were developed by Johns Hopkins internal medicine resident Tommy Das with mentorship from University of Maryland cardiology fellow Karan Desai.
Episode graphic by Dr. Carine Hamo

The CardioNerds Cardiology Case Reports series shines light on the hidden curriculum of medical storytelling. We learn together while discussing fascinating cases in this fun, engaging, and educational format. Each episode ends with an “Expert CardioNerd Perspectives & Review” (E-CPR) for a nuanced teaching from a content expert. We truly believe that hearing about a patient is the singular theme that unifies everyone at every level, from the student to the professor emeritus.

We are teaming up with the ACC FIT Section to use the #CNCR episodes to showcase CV education across the country in the era of virtual recruitment. As part of the recruitment series, each episode features fellows from a given program discussing and teaching about an interesting case as well as sharing what makes their hearts flutter about their fellowship training. The case discussion is followed by both an E-CPR segment and a message from the program director.

CardioNerds Case Reports Page
CardioNerds Episode Page
CardioNerds Academy
Subscribe to our newsletter- The Heartbeat
Support our educational mission by becoming a Patron!
Cardiology Programs Twitter Group created by Dr. Nosheen Reza

Cardionerds Cardiology Podcast Presents CardioNerds Case Report Series

Patient Summary

Coming soon!


Case Media

A. CXR
B. ECG: atrial fibrillation with RVR, left axis deviation, poor r wave progression
C. Wide complex tachycardia
D. CT chest demonstrating giant aneurysm

TTE
Coronary Angiography

Episode Schematics & Teaching

Coming soon!


The CardioNerds 5! – 5 major takeaways from the #CNCR case

Coming soon!


References

  1. Thibodeau, J. T., & Drazner, M. H. (2018). The Role of the Clinical Examination in Patients With Heart Failure. JACC. Heart failure, 6(7), 543–551.  
  2. Abou Sherif, S., Ozden Tok, O., Taşköylü, Ö., et al. (2017). Coronary Artery Aneurysms: A Review of the Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment. Frontiers in cardiovascular medicine, 4, 24. 
  3. Kawsara, A., Núñez Gil, I. J., Alqahtani, F., et al. (2018). Management of Coronary Artery Aneurysms. JACC. Cardiovascular interventions, 11(13), 1211–1223.  
  4. Newburger, J. W., Takahashi, M., & Burns, J. C. (2016). Kawasaki Disease. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 67(14), 1738–1749.  
  5. McCrindle, B. W., Rowley, A. H., Newburger, J. W., et al. (2017). Diagnosis, Treatment, and Long-Term Management of Kawasaki Disease: A Scientific Statement for Health Professionals From the American Heart Association. Circulation, 135(17), e927–e999.  

CardioNerds Case Reports: Recruitment Edition Series Production Team

86. Case Report: Histoplasmosis Pericarditis Complicated by Cardiac Tamponade – Georgetown University

CardioNerds (Amit Goyal & Daniel Ambinder) join Georgetown University/Washington Hospital Center cardiology fellows (Nitin Malik, AJ Grant, and Tsion Aberra) for some fresh Maryland blue crab cakes at the Georgetown waterfront in Washington, DC. They discuss a rare case of histoplasmosis pericarditis complicated by cardiac tamponade. Dr. Patrick Bering provides the E-CPR and program director Dr. Gaby Weissman provides a message for applicants. Johns Hopkins internal medicine resident Colin Blumenthal with mentorship from University of Maryland cardiology fellow Karan Desai.  

Jump to: Patient summaryCase mediaCase teachingReferences

CardioNerds (Amit Goyal & Daniel Ambinder) join Georgetown University/Washington Hospital Center cardiology fellows (Nitin Malik, AJ Grant, and Tsion Aberra) for some fresh Maryland blue crab cakes at the Georgetown waterfront in Washington, DC. They discuss a rare case of histoplasmosis pericarditis complicated by cardiac tamponade. Dr. Patrick Bering provides the E-CPR and program director Dr. Gaby Weissman provides a message for applicants. Johns Hopkins internal medicine resident Colin Blumenthal with mentorship from University of Maryland cardiology fellow Karan Desai.
Episode graphic by Dr. Carine Hamo

The CardioNerds Cardiology Case Reports series shines light on the hidden curriculum of medical storytelling. We learn together while discussing fascinating cases in this fun, engaging, and educational format. Each episode ends with an “Expert CardioNerd Perspectives & Review” (E-CPR) for a nuanced teaching from a content expert. We truly believe that hearing about a patient is the singular theme that unifies everyone at every level, from the student to the professor emeritus.

We are teaming up with the ACC FIT Section to use the #CNCR episodes to showcase CV education across the country in the era of virtual recruitment. As part of the recruitment series, each episode features fellows from a given program discussing and teaching about an interesting case as well as sharing what makes their hearts flutter about their fellowship training. The case discussion is followed by both an E-CPR segment and a message from the program director.

CardioNerds Case Reports Page
CardioNerds Episode Page
CardioNerds Academy
Subscribe to our newsletter- The Heartbeat
Support our educational mission by becoming a Patron!
Cardiology Programs Twitter Group created by Dr. Nosheen Reza

Cardionerds Cardiology Podcast Presents CardioNerds Case Report Series

Patient Summary

Coming soon


Case Media

A. Left: Admission chest x-ray (PA film), which was overall unremarkable. Right: Chest x-ray from hospital day 12 – which revealed pulmonary edema with bilateral perihilar haziness, increased prominence of pulmonary vascularity, and small-moderate bilateral pleural effusions. Note increased size of cardiac silhouette. At the corresponding time, pericardial effusion (without tamponade) had been diagnosed.
B. EKG: Sinus tachycardia and low-voltage QRS complexes.
C. CT abdomen/pelvis on hospital day 14. Free air noted within the abdomen (left). Moderate pericardial effusion also incidentally appreciated (right).
D. Pulse-Wave Doppler of mitral inflow. Flow variation is present, but variation is less than <30%.
E. (A) Small bowel resection showing focal mucosal ulceration, serositis, and formation of a granuloma. (B) Transmural inflammation seen on small bowel resection. (C) Pathology of ileocecectomy showing focal histoplasmosis characterized by intracytoplasmic yeast-like forms (black circles)

Parasternal short axis view on echocardiogram showing a moderate pericardial effusion without diastolic septal flattening.
Apical view showing profound tachycardia but without chamber collapse. Ejection fraction was moderately reduced.
Parasternal short axis view on echocardiogram showing a moderate pericardial effusion with intermittent septal flattening.
Apical view showing early diastolic RV chamber collapse. 

Episode Schematics & Teaching

Coming soon!


The CardioNerds 5! – 5 major takeaways from the #CNCR case

Coming soon!


References

Coming soon!


CardioNerds Case Reports: Recruitment Edition Series Production Team

85: Case Report: Exertional Intolerance due to Tricuspid Regurgitation – Medical University of South Carolina

CardioNerds (Amit Goyal & Karan Desai) join Medical University of South Carolina cardiology fellows (Carson Keck, Samuel Powell, and Ishan Shah) at MUSC Children’s Hospital cafeteria overlooking the gorgeous Charleston Harbor. They reflect on an informative case of exertional intolerance due to tricuspid regurgitation. Dr. Ryan Tedford provides the E-CPR and program director Dr. Daniel Judge provides a message for applicants. Episode notes were developed by Johns Hopkins internal medicine resident, Eunice Dugan, with mentorship from University of Maryland cardiology fellow Karan Desai.

Jump to: Patient summaryCase mediaCase teachingReferences

CardioNerds (Amit Goyal & Karan Desai) join Medical University of South Carolina cardiology fellows (Carson Keck, Samuel Powell, and Ishan Shah) at MUSC Children's Hospital cafeteria overlooking the Charleston Harbor and reflect on informative case of exertional intolerance due to tricuspid regurgitation. Dr. Ryan Tedford provides the E-CPR and program director Dr. Daniel Judge provides a message for applicants. Episode notes were developed by Johns Hopkins internal medicine resident, Eunice Dugan, with mentorship from University of Maryland cardiology fellow Karan Desai.
Episode graphic by Dr. Carine Hamo

The CardioNerds Cardiology Case Reports series shines light on the hidden curriculum of medical storytelling. We learn together while discussing fascinating cases in this fun, engaging, and educational format. Each episode ends with an “Expert CardioNerd Perspectives & Review” (E-CPR) for a nuanced teaching from a content expert. We truly believe that hearing about a patient is the singular theme that unifies everyone at every level, from the student to the professor emeritus.

We are teaming up with the ACC FIT Section to use the #CNCR episodes to showcase CV education across the country in the era of virtual recruitment. As part of the recruitment series, each episode features fellows from a given program discussing and teaching about an interesting case as well as sharing what makes their hearts flutter about their fellowship training. The case discussion is followed by both an E-CPR segment and a message from the program director.

CardioNerds Case Reports Page
CardioNerds Episode Page
CardioNerds Academy
Subscribe to our newsletter- The Heartbeat
Support our educational mission by becoming a Patron!
Cardiology Programs Twitter Group created by Dr. Nosheen Reza

Cardionerds Cardiology Podcast Presents CardioNerds Case Report Series

Patient Summary

Coming soon!


Case Media

A. Tricuspid valve CW Doppler
B. Hepatic vein flow

TTE: TV inflow

TTE: TV inflow with color Doppler
TTE: Apical 4 chamber
TTE: RV focused color
Cardiac MRI – 4 chamber CINE
Cardiac MRI – Short-axis stack CINE

Episode Schematics & Teaching

Coming soon!


The CardioNerds 5! – 5 major takeaways from the #CNCR case

Coming soon!


References

Coming soon!


CardioNerds Case Reports: Recruitment Edition Series Production Team

84. Case Report: Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy with Superimposed Stress Cardiomyopathy – Brown University

CardioNerds (Amit Goyal & Daniel Ambinder) join Brown University cardiology fellows (Greg Salber, Vrinda Trivedi, and Esseim Sharma) for a gorgeous coastal boat ride in Providence, RI. They discuss an educational case of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with superimposed stress cardiomyopathy. Dr. Katharine French provides the E-CPR and program director Dr. Raymond Russell provides a message for applicants. Episode notes were developed by Johns Hopkins internal medicine resident Evelyn Song with mentorship from University of Maryland cardiology fellow Karan Desai.  

Jump to: Patient summaryCase mediaCase teachingReferences

CardioNerds (Amit Goyal & Daniel Ambinder) join Brown University cardiology fellows (Greg Salber, Vrinda Trivedi, and Esseim Sharma) for a gorgeous coastal boat ride in Providence, RI. They discuss an educational case of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with superimposed stress cardiomyopathy. Dr. Katharine French provides the E-CPR and program director Dr. Raymond Russell provides a message for applicants. Episode notes were developed by Johns Hopkins internal medicine resident Evelyn Song with mentorship from University of Maryland cardiology fellow Karan Desai.
Episode graphic by Dr. Carine Hamo

The CardioNerds Cardiology Case Reports series shines light on the hidden curriculum of medical storytelling. We learn together while discussing fascinating cases in this fun, engaging, and educational format. Each episode ends with an “Expert CardioNerd Perspectives & Review” (E-CPR) for a nuanced teaching from a content expert. We truly believe that hearing about a patient is the singular theme that unifies everyone at every level, from the student to the professor emeritus.

We are teaming up with the ACC FIT Section to use the #CNCR episodes to showcase CV education across the country in the era of virtual recruitment. As part of the recruitment series, each episode features fellows from a given program discussing and teaching about an interesting case as well as sharing what makes their hearts flutter about their fellowship training. The case discussion is followed by both an E-CPR segment and a message from the program director.

CardioNerds Case Reports Page
CardioNerds Episode Page
CardioNerds Academy
Subscribe to our newsletter- The Heartbeat
Support our educational mission by becoming a Patron!
Cardiology Programs Twitter Group created by Dr. Nosheen Reza

Cardionerds Cardiology Podcast Presents CardioNerds Case Report Series

Patient Summary

Coming soon!


Case Media