171. Narratives in Cardiology: Innovation, Excellence and Leadership in Interventional Cardiology with Dr. Samir Kapadia

CardioNerds (Amit Goyal and Daniel Ambinder), Dr. Zarina Sharalaya (Interventional Cardiology Fellow at the Cleveland Clinic), and Dr. Simrat Kaur (General Cardiology Fellow at the Cleveland Clinic) join Dr. Samir Kapadia, the Chair of the Robert and Suzanne Tomsich Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Sydell and Arnold Miller Family Heart, Vascular & Thoracic Institute at Cleveland Clinic. They discuss future advancements in the field of structural interventional cardiology. Dr. Kapadia sheds light on his journey starting as an international medical graduate from India and speaks about his mentors that helped shape his career and his life. We later delve into several advancements in the field of structural and interventional cardiology, along with the amalgamation of different sub-specialities with intervention such as heart failure and critical care cardiology. We also discuss the measures being taken to reduce the occupational hazards associated with interventional cardiology and how to make this field more appealing to women in cardiology. Special message by Ohio ACC State Chapter Governor, Dr. Kanny Grewal.

The PA-ACC & CardioNerds Narratives in Cardiology is a multimedia educational series jointly developed by the Pennsylvania Chapter ACC, the ACC Fellows in Training Section, and the CardioNerds Platform with the goal to promote diversity, equity, and inclusion in cardiology. In this series, we host inspiring faculty and fellows from various ACC chapters to discuss their areas of expertise and their individual narratives. Join us for these captivating conversations as we celebrate our differences and share our joy for practicing cardiovascular medicine. We thank our project mentors Dr. Katie Berlacher and Dr. Nosheen Reza.

Video Version • Notes • References • Production Team

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171. Narratives in Cardiology: Innovation, Excellence and Leadership in Interventional Cardiology with Dr. Samir Kapadia

Video version – Innovation, Excellence and Leadership in Interventional Cardiology with Dr. Samir Kapadia

Quotables – Innovation, Excellence and Leadership in Interventional Cardiology with Dr. Samir Kapadia

“A very important thing for all international medical graduates and for everybody, for that matter – it is important to recognize that the opportunities are what you perceive and not what others perceive.”

Dr. Samir Kapadia

Show notes – Innovation, Excellence and Leadership in Interventional Cardiology with Dr. Samir Kapadia

How do international medical graduates contribute to the work force in medicine across the United States of America?

  • International medical graduates account for 25% of the physician work force, with over 85% being involved in direct patient care.
  • IMGs are usually accomplished, consummate and highly motivated physicians who often have to overcome challenges such as language proficiency, acculturation and difficulties with obtaining a visa status in the United States.
  • IMGs also help fill gaps in health care by working in geographical areas that are otherwise not desirable by US or Canadian medical graduates.
  • IMGs contribute to diversity of the field which provides a richer training environment, improved access to health care for underrepresented minorities, as well as better patient outcomes.

What are key qualities of a good mentor?

  • A good mentor is responsible for enhancing the education of his or her mentees along with motivating them to challenge their limits.
  • Qualities of a good mentor extend beyond mere mentorship to sponsorship, where the mentor opens up his or her network for the mentee allowing them to pursue a path of success.
  • A mentor serves as an advisor and a counselor, helping his or her mentees navigate difficult paths teaching them to become resilient physicians.
  • A mentor also serves as a confidante for the trainee with whom mentees can share their dreams, aspirations and vulnerabilities knowing not only will this be kept in confidence but will also provide a catalyst for their growth.

What are the recent advancements in minimizing radiation exposures for structural cardiologists?

  • It’s important to understand the various occupational hazards of radiation exposure which include but are not limited to brain tumors, cataracts, thyroid disease, cardiovascular diseases, musculosketal problems and reproductive side effects.
  • When dealing with possible occupational radiation exposure, we should strive for the ALARA (as low as reasonably achievable) principle of radioprotection.
  • The RADPAD (RADPAD 5100A-O; Worldwide Innovations & Technologies, Inc, Lenexa, KS) is a new development that is a lead field shield that is placed between the patient and the operator to reduce scatter radiation and significantly reduce operator radiation exposure.
  • The use of Zero gravity lead is a novel suspension shield which has also been shown to significantly reduce the operator radiation exposure and potentially decrease orthopedic injuries particularly spinal injuries secondary to the protective lead garments.

What are the future directions for structural interventions and how is the field of structural cardiology going to evolve in the next few years?

  • The future of structural cardiology provides great promise. After the success of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and transcatheter mitral valve edge to edge repair (TEER), there has been increasing development in tricuspid interventions as well as interventions for severe mitral stenosis due to mitral annular calcification.
  • The amalgamation of structural interventional cardiology and heart failure as well as with critical care are also exciting fields that is still developing. Advancements in left ventricular restoration devices such as the Revivant TC system may help several patients with end stage congestive heart failure due to ischemic heart disease.

References

  1. Steward DE. The internal medicine workforce, international medical graduates, and medical school  departments of medicine. Am J Med 2003;115(1):80–4. Doi: 10.1016/s0002-9343(03)00307-3.
  2. Kostis JB., Ahmad B. International medical graduates and the cardiology workforce. J Am Coll Cardiol 2004;44(6):1172–4. Doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2004.05.081.
  3. Al Hussein Al Awamlh B. Alien J-1 Physicians in a Pandemic. JAMA Intern Med 2021;181(6):743–4. Doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2021.0730.
  4. David YN., Issaka RB. Advancing diversity: the role of international medical graduates. Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol 2021;6(12):980–1. Doi: 10.1016/S2468-1253(21)00376-9.
  5. Shikhar A. Mentorship During Fellowship. J Am Coll Cardiol 2014;64(15):1637–8. Doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2014.08.017.
  6. Tobin MJ. Mentoring: seven roles and some specifics. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2004;170(2):114–7. Doi: 10.1164/rccm.2405004.
  7. Picano E., Vano E. The Radiation Issue in Cardiology: the time for action is now. Cardiovasc Ultrasound 2011;9(1):35. Doi: 10.1186/1476-7120-9-35.
  8. Vlastra W., Delewi R., Sjauw KD., et al. Efficacy of the RADPAD Protection Drape in Reducing Operators’ Radiation Exposure in  the Catheterization Laboratory: A Sham-Controlled Randomized Trial. Circ Cardiovasc Interv 2017;10(11). Doi: 10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.117.006058.
  9. Zanca F., Dabin J., Collard C., et al. Evaluation of a suspended radiation protection system to reduce operator exposure in  cardiology interventional procedures. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv  Off J Soc  Card Angiogr Interv 2021;98(5):E687–94. Doi: 10.1002/ccd.29894.
  10. GP., Y.S. C. Continuing Advances and Challenges of Structural Heart Imaging. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 2021;14(1):128–30. Doi: 10.1016/j.jcmg.2020.12.002.
  11. Klein P., Anker SD., Wechsler A., et al. Less invasive ventricular reconstruction for ischaemic heart failure. Eur J Heart Fail 2019;21(12):1638–50. Doi: 10.1002/ejhf.1669.

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