37. Palliative Care in Heart Failure with Dr. Rab Razzak

Episode #37. Palliative Care in Heart Failure

The role of palliative care in the management of heart failure is discussed by palliative care expert, Dr. Rab Razzak, clinical associate professor and clinical director of palliative care at University Hospital Cleveland Medical Center. CardioNerds host Amit Goyal is joined by special guest interviewer, Dr. Arsalan Derakhshan, Assistant Program director at Case Western Internal Medicine residency program and the head of the Global Health Pathway as well as co-host of the Clinical Problem Solvers podcast!

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Dr. Rab Razzak went to medical school at Bangledesh Medical College and internal medicine residency at St. Joseph Regional Medical Center in Patterson, NJ. He worked initially as a hospitalist at Cedars Sinai and was grandfathered into palliative care.  He moved to Maryland to work at Johns Hopkins, where he practiced for 4.5 years. He is now a clinical associate professor and clinical director of palliative care at University Hospital Cleveland Medical Center. He is also a devoted husband, dedicated father, and a stand-up comedian! We could think of no one better to discuss Palliative Care in Heart Failure than Dr. Razzak.

Dr. Arsalan Derakhshan was born in Iran and moved to Atlanta, Georgia as a young child. He loves to travel and considers himself a global citizen. After graduating from Emory University, he attended the Medical College of Georgia and completed internal medicine residency at Johns Hopkins Hospital. He spends his time attending on inpatient team, staffing resident clinic, and working as the global health track director. He enjoys working with medical students and interns to help them discover their passions. His primary interests include clinical reasoning, global health,  and medical innovations. He co-hosts one of the most popular medicine podcast, The Clinical Problem Solvers and has been incredibly instrumental in the launch of The CardioNerds!

35. Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction with Dr. Kavita Sharma

Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction with Dr. Kavita Sharma

We discuss Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction (HFpEF) with Dr. Kavita Sharma, director of the Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction Program and interim director of Advanced Heart Failure Transplant section at The Johns Hopkins Hospital. CardioNerds hosts Carine Hamo and Daniel Ambinder are joined by Dr. Beth Feldman (resident at The Johns Hopkins Hospital). Topics discussed include a definitions, diagnosis, phenotypic presentations, inpatient management of acute decompensated heart failure, role of dopamine, advanced therapies of HFpEF, and the Paraglide trial.

References mentioned in this episode can be found here

On the CardioNerds Heart Failure topic page you’ll podcast episodes, references, guest experts and contributors, and so much more.

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Acute Decompensated Heart Failure Primer – Youtube

Dr. Kavita Sharma graduated from the University of Virginia School of Medicine and completed her residency and served as the assistant chief of service, cardiology fellowship and advanced heart failure fellowship at the Johns Hopkins Hospital. She is the Director of the Johns Hopkins Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction Program and is currently the interim director of Advanced Heart Failure Transplant section at Hopkins. She has a specialized interest in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), and directs one of the largest programs in the country dedicated to caring for patients with this condition. She is the principal investigator of numerous clinical and translational trials in HFpEF and leads a team of nurses, research coordinators, and fellows-in-training in this multifaceted program. She is an invited speaker at national meetings in topic areas covering advanced heart failure and HFpEF.

Dr. Beth Feldman graduated from Temple University School of Medicine and is currently on the Longcope Firm on the Osler Medical Service at Johns Hopkins University Hospital. Before pursuing a career in medicine, she worked in health care consulting focusing in health systems. She is passionate about health policy and health systems research. She is hoping to pursue a career in cardiology, with a particular interest in critical care.

31. Fulminant Myocarditis with Cardiogenic Shock: Case Discussion

The CardioNerds discuss a case of fulminant myocarditis, teaching a comprehensive approach to myocarditis with just 5 foundational principles. Review the myocarditis infographic on the myocarditis topic page. The episode ends with a special message from the true heroes of this episode, Chas and Julie Miller. 

This marks our first episode after 100,000 downloads of the show – and this is a benchmark that we are celebrating together with all of you. Since launch, we have had 82 voices on the show and youtube channel. Our website which collates all the podcast episodes, youtube videos, tweetorials, and more has been accessed in 120 countries. We just cannot thank you enough! 

On the CardioNerds Myocarditis page you will find podcast episodes, infographic, youtube videos, references, tweetorials and guest experts & contributors, flutter stars and so much more.

5 points of maximal impulse in approaching myocarditis

  1. Build the clinical suspicion for myocarditis: You need a high index of suspicion given the variable presentation, and definitely need to keep a differential so you don’t miss things like acute coronary syndromes.
  2. Decide if EMBx is necessary: Most often obtained in fulminant presentations to look for pathologic findings of giant cell myocarditis or eosinophilic myocarditis, because these findings will change management.
  3. Manage the acute cardiac injury, which can range from supportive care to treatment of shock, arrhythmias, and even tamponade.
  4. Manage the chronic cardiac sequelae: Recovering from the acute phase of myocarditis doesn’t necessarily mean smooth sailing — some develop chronic heart failure, warranting GDMT — or guideline directed management and therapy, as defined by Dr. Randall Starling in Ep 13.
  5. Treat the myocarditis: Immunosuppression is often started empirically in fulminant disease, but continuation depends on what you find on pathology.

30. Myocarditis with Drs. JoAnn Lindenfeld, Javid Moslehi and Dr. Enrico Ammirati: Part 2


Cardiovascular experts, Drs. JoAnn Lindenfeld, Javid Moslehi and Richa Gupta from Vanderbilt University Medical Center and Dr. Enrico Ammirati from Milan, Italy join Amit and Dan for a two part discussion about all things to consider for myocarditis in general (part 1) and COVID-19 myocarditis and heart transplantation in the COVID-19 era (part 2). Flutter Moment by Barrie Stanton (RN).

On the CardioNerds Myocarditis page you will find podcast episodes, infographic, youtube videos, references, tweetorials and guest experts & contributors, flutter stars and so much more.

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Dr. JoAnn Lindenfeld, is a Professor of Medicine and the Director of Heart Failure and Heart Transplantation Section at Vanderbilt Heart and Vascular Institute.  She is the past president of the Heart Failure Society of America and serves on editorial boards of numerous journals including JACC, JACC Heart Failure and JHLT.  She is also a member of the AHA/ACC/HFSA heart failure guideline writing committee and was previously chair of the HFSA practice guidelines for the 2006 and 2010 guidelines. In addition to this she’s been an investigator in multiple large-scale clinical trials including the COAPT trial and has served on numerous steering committees, end point committees and data and safety monitoring committees. She is the author of a more than 300 original papers, reviews, and book chapters in the field of heart failure and heart transplantation.

Dr. Javid Moslehi is an associate professor of medicine at Vanderbilt University Medical Center where he is the director of the cardio-oncology program.  He is a clinical cardiologist and basic/translational biologist interested in cardiovascular complications associated with novel molecular targeted cancer therapies and the implications of these on our knowledge of basic cardiovascular biology. At Vanderbilt he runs an independent basic and translational research laboratory and program with a focus on signal transduction in the myocardium and vasculature as well as establishing pre-clinical models of cardiotoxicity involving novel targeted oncologic therapies.

Dr. Enrico Ammirati is an assistant professor of cardiology and advanced heart failure and transplant cardiologist in Milan, Italy at the Niguarda Hospital with a special research interest and expertise in acute myocarditis and acute heart failure.  He is a fellow of the European Society of Cardiology and has won numerous awards, he has also published incredibly important work on the distinction between fulminant and nonfulminant myocarditis and the prognostic implication of histologic subtypes.  His research interests also include the role of adaptive immunity in heart transplantation and atherosclerosis and he is the author of well over 100+ peer reviewed publications.

27. COVID-19: ID Part 4: Virology and epidemiology with Drs. Chida and Nematollahi

Infectious disease experts from the Johns Hopkins Hospital, Drs. Natasha Chida and Saman Nematollahi join the CardioNerds for a 4 part COVID-19 infectious disease series. In this final episode, we discuss the virology and epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2 that serves as the underpinnings for the three prior episodes. Flutter Moment by Dr. Sumeet Bahl (Vascular and Interventional Radiology)

We are honored to promote the incredible efforts of #GetUsPPE, a nonprofit organization working hard to make sure every healthcare worker is protected. Dr. Seth Trueger, emergency medicine physician and digital media editor @JAMA Network Open shares an earnest request.

In light of the COVID-19 pandemic, we shifted gears to meet the educational need as we all are learning more about the cardiovascular implications of SARS-CoV-2. On the CardioNerds COVID-19 series page, you will find our collection of podcast episodes, infographic, youtube videos, curated #Tweetorials, references, guest experts & contributors, flutter stars and so much more.

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Dr. Natasha Chida, an infectious disease expert at Johns Hopkins. Dr Chida received her MD from the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, where she also earned an MSPH (masters of science in public health). She completed internal medicine residency at Jackson Memorial Hospital and infectious disease fellowship at Johns Hopkins, where we were lucky to keep her on as faculty. She is a truly incredible educator and mentor to all levels of trainees — she serves as assistant director of the infectious disease fellowship program, co-director of the medical education pathway for residents, director of education for the Johns Hopkins Center for Global Health Education, and course director for the ‘Topics in Interdisciplinary Medicine’ course for medical students.

Dr. Saman Nematollahi grew up in Tucson, Arizona. He completed his undergrad at the University of Arizona with dual degrees in Physiology and Spanish Literature. He spent some time after undergrad working in a neuroscience lab before starting med school at the University of Arizona. He then moved to NYC where he completed residency at Columbia. His clinical interests include management of immunocompromised hosts, and his research interest is in medical education.  More than that he is a teacher at heart and is obtaining a Master’s of Education at the Johns Hopkins School of Education and was recently awarded a grant to develop a fungal diagnostic curriculum for residents. He loves to play soccer with his wife and son. He is master educator, appeared on and has authored many important tweetorials. He has also appeared on the hit medical podcast, The Clinical Problem Solvers.

25. COVID-19: ID Part 2: Protecting Healthcare Workers with Drs. Chida and Nematollahi

Infectious disease experts from the Johns Hopkins Hospital, Drs. Natasha Chida and Saman Nematollahi join the CardioNerds for a 4 part COVID-19 infectious disease series. In this second episode, we discuss all things to consider with regards to protecting healthcare workers in COVID-19 as well as their families as they face the pandemic. Be sure to stay tuned for the remaining 2 parts of this mini-series where we will discuss the clinical presentation and diagnosis of COVID-19, and the virology. Flutter Moment by Dr. Meredith Sloan (Internal medicine, University of Mississippi Medical Center).

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Dr. Natasha Chida, an infectious disease expert at Johns Hopkins. Dr Chida received her MD from the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, where she also earned an MSPH (masters of science in public health). She completed internal medicine residency at Jackson Memorial Hospital and infectious disease fellowship at Johns Hopkins, where we were lucky to keep her on as faculty. She is a truly incredible educator and mentor to all levels of trainees — she serves as assistant director of the infectious disease fellowship program, co-director of the medical education pathway for residents, director of education for the Johns Hopkins Center for Global Health Education, and course director for the ‘Topics in Interdisciplinary Medicine’ course for medical students.

Dr. Saman Nematollahi grew up in Tucson, Arizona. He completed his undergrad at the University of Arizona with dual degrees in Physiology and Spanish Literature. He spent some time after undergrad working in a neuroscience lab before starting med school at the University of Arizona. He then moved to NYC where he completed residency at Columbia. His clinical interests include management of immunocompromised hosts, and his research interest is in medical education.  More than that he is a teacher at heart and is obtaining a Master’s of Education at the Johns Hopkins School of Education and was recently awarded a grant to develop a fungal diagnostic curriculum for residents. He loves to play soccer with his wife and son. He is master educator, appeared on and has authored many important tweetorials. He has also appeared on the hit medical podcast, The Clinical Problem Solvers. 

Besides for discussing Protecting Healthcare Workers in COVID-19, we are thrilled to have Dr. Meridith Sloan on the Cardionerds podcast for her inspiring flutter moment!

Dr. Meredith Sloan is a proud graduate of the University of Virginia (Wahoowa!) and went to the Medical University of South Carolina. She is currently a third year Internal Medicine resident at the University of Mississippi Medical Center, and is looking forward to being a Chief Resident next year.

24. COVID-19: ID Part 1: Emerging treatments with Drs. Chida and Nematollahi

Infectious disease experts from the Johns Hopkins Hospital, Drs. Natasha Chida and Saman Nematollahi join the CardioNerds for a 4 part COVID-19 infectious disease series. In this first part we discuss the emerging therapies in our armamentarium. Be sure to stay tuned for the remaining 3 parts in which we tackle advice for the health care worker, the clinical presentation & diagnosis, and the virology. Flutter Moment by Dr. Justin Berk (Medicine/Pediatrics).

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Dr. Natasha Chida, an infectious disease expert at Johns Hopkins. Dr Chida received her MD from the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, where she also earned an MSPH (masters of science in public health). She completed internal medicine residency at Jackson Memorial Hospital and infectious disease fellowship at Johns Hopkins, where we were lucky to keep her on as faculty. She is a truly incredible educator and mentor to all levels of trainees — she serves as assistant director of the infectious disease fellowship program, co-director of the medical education pathway for residents, director of education for the Johns Hopkins Center for Global Health Education, and course director for the ‘Topics in Interdisciplinary Medicine’ course for medical students.

Dr. Saman Nematollahi grew up in Tucson, Arizona. He completed his undergrad at the University of Arizona with dual degrees in Physiology and Spanish Literature. He spent some time after undergrad working in a neuroscience lab before starting med school at the University of Arizona. He then moved to NYC where he completed residency at Columbia. His clinical interests include management of immunocompromised hosts, and his research interest is in medical education.  More than that he is a teacher at heart and is obtaining a Master’s of Education at the Johns Hopkins School of Education and was recently awarded a grant to develop a fungal diagnostic curriculum for residents. He loves to play soccer with his wife and son. He is master educator, appeared on and has authored many important tweetorials. He has also appeared on the hit medical podcast, The Clinical Problem Solvers. 

22. COVID-19: The Iranian Experience with Dr. Reza Hashemian

We share with you the Iranian experience with COVID-19, a rare first hand report from ICU doctor, Dr. Reza Hashemian, covering the clinical, the societal, and the personal. Flutter Moment by Edward Nejat (Reproductive Endocrinology).

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Ventilation primer for the cardiologist (Youtube)

Dr. Reza Hashemian serves as Professor of Critical care medicine at a large academic hospital in the heart of Iran. He in on the frontlines at Masih Daneshvari hospital in Tehran, the country’s top pulmonary public hospital and the main facility overseeing coronavirus patients.

21. COVID-19: The Italian Experience with Dr. Gianluca Pontone

Tune in to hear the Italian perspective from a “COVID A” cardiovascular hospital in Milan, the heart of the country’s epidemic shared by Dr. Gianluca Pontone, who serves as Director of Cardiovascular Imaging Department Centro Cardiologico Monzino IRCCS, University of Milan. We discuss management of COVID-19 patients with underlying cardiovascular disease and cardiac manifestations of COVID-19 including acute coronary syndromes, cardiogenic shock, and myocarditis. Dr. Pontone shares his personal experience in terms of how he prepares himself to take care of patients during this time and his message for all CardioNerds to hear. Flutter Moment by Nino Isakadze (Cardiology).

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Dr. Gianluca Pontone serves as Director of Cardiovascular Imaging Department Centro Cardiologico Monzino IRCCS, University of Milan, Italy. He graduated with honors in medicine in 1997 followed by post-graduate degree in cardiology and radiology at University of Milan in 2001 and 2006 respectively. He is currently in the board of directors of Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography (SCCT), chairman of CT certification committee of European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) and chairman of working group of cardiac magnetic resonance of Italian society of cardiology.

20. COVID-19 in the ICU – Approach to cardiopulmonary support

COVID-19 in the ICU: The CardioNerds follow the case of Sara S Covids through her journey with COVID-19 complicated by progressive respiratory failure. Learn how critical care physicians, Drs. David Furfaro and Sam Brusca approach cardiopulmonary mechanics, general ventilator settings, ventilation in patients with cardiac disease, ARDS diagnosis and management algorithms, including VV and VA ECMO support considerations. Importantly, we discuss these issues in the context of the COVID-19 era and how applies to the safety of the healthcare worker and appropriate use of personal protective equipment with a particular emphasis on COVID-19 in the ICU. Both physicians share tips and tricks on coping and staying motivated as they face this crisis.

This episode is broadly applicable for anyone taking care of patients with cardiopulmonary disease. In the COVID era, this is every provider. Flutter Moment by Emily (Pediatric RN)

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Dr. Samuel Brusca received his medical degree from New York University School of Medicine. He went on to complete his internal medicine training in the Osler Residency Program at Johns Hopkins Hospital and is currently a research fellow in the Critical Care Medicine Fellowship at the National Institutes of Health. His current interests include critical care cardiology, pulmonary arterial hypertension, and right ventricular failure. He is thrilled to be joining the Cardiovascular Disease Fellowship at UCSF this coming July. Outside the hospital, Sam and his amazing wife, Becky, were recently joined by their first daughter, the adorable Madeleine.

Dr. David Furfaro received a degree in chemistry with a minor in pharmacology from Duke University. After college, he volunteered with Americorps for a year working with patients with HIV. He received his MD from Harvard Medical School. From there he completed his internal medicine training in the Osler Residency at Johns Hopkins. He returned to Johns Hopkins as an Assistant Chief of Service. He is currently a Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine Fellow at Columbia University Medical Center. He is interested in critical care, pulmonary hypertension, and lung transplantation. He is also a dedicated medical educator  and a huge Cardio Nerds fan!